- 1 Which of the following is considered non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus?
- 2 What is the difference between insulin dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus?
- 3 What is the meaning of NIDDM?
- 4 What are non-insulin-dependent diabetes medications?
- 5 What is the difference between diabetes and diabetes mellitus?
- 6 What is meant by non insulin dependent?
- 7 Which type of diabetes is insulin Dependant?
- 8 What are the complications of diabetes mellitus?
- 9 Is GLUT1 insulin-dependent?
- 10 What is IDDM and NIDDM?
- 11 Why is diabetes called mellitus?
- 12 Which type of diabetes is caused primarily by obesity?
- 13 What is a natural substitute for insulin?
- 14 What is a good substitute for insulin?
- 15 Can type 2 diabetes be managed without insulin?
Which of the following is considered non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus?
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is also called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), since it can be treated with lifestyle changes and/or types of medication other than insulin therapy.
What is the difference between insulin dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus?
This form of diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but can occur at any age. In type 2 diabetes (which used to be called adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes) the body produces insulin, but the cells don’t respond to insulin the way they should.
What is the meaning of NIDDM?
Abstract. Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) results from an imbalance between insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion. Both longitudinal and cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that the earliest detectable abnormality in NIDDM is an impairment in the body’s ability to respond to insulin.
What are non-insulin-dependent diabetes medications?
There are six types of non-insulin medicines used to treat type 2 diabetes:
- Metformin: Pills that reduce sugar production from the liver.
- Thiazolidinediones (glitazones):
- Insulin releasing pills (secretagogues):
- Starch blockers:
- Incretin based therapies:
- Amylin analogs:
What is the difference between diabetes and diabetes mellitus?
The term diabetes is derived from Latin (originally Greek) and means “to go through or siphon,” referring to a large amount of urine produced by the kidneys. The term mellitus, in Latin, means “sweet.” Diabetes mellitus causes high blood glucose levels and glucose eventually spills into the urine.
What is meant by non insulin dependent?
Non-insulin-dependent (type II) diabetes mellitus is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia with resistance to ketosis. The onset is usually after age 40 years. Patients are variably symptomatic and frequently obese, hyperlipidemic and hypertensive.
Which type of diabetes is insulin Dependant?
Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.
What are the complications of diabetes mellitus?
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Nerve damage (neuropathy).
- Kidney damage (nephropathy).
- Eye damage (retinopathy).
- Foot damage.
- Skin conditions.
- Hearing impairment.
- Alzheimer’s disease.
Is GLUT1 insulin-dependent?
GLUT1 is insulin-independent and is widely distributed in different tissues. GLUT4 is insulin-dependent and is responsible for the majority of glucose transport into muscle and adipose cells in anabolic conditions.
What is IDDM and NIDDM?
To classify diabetes according to type, the following criteria were applied: IDDM: (1) a person of any age treated initially and thereafter with insulin and (2) ketonuria or ketoacidosis at the time of diagnosis; NIDDM: (1) a person of any age treated initially with diet and/or oral drugs and thereafter with diet only,
Why is diabetes called mellitus?
The term diabetes is the shortened version of the full name diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is derived from the Greek word diabetes meaning siphon – to pass through and the Latin word mellitus meaning honeyed or sweet. This is because in diabetes excess sugar is found in blood as well as the urine.
Which type of diabetes is caused primarily by obesity?
Factors that may increase your risk of type 2 diabetes include: Weight. Being overweight or obese is a main risk.
What is a natural substitute for insulin?
Healthy fats also help your pancreas release insulin naturally. Foods to Boost Natural Insulin
- Nuts like almonds, peanuts, or cashews.
- Oils including olive, canola, or flaxseed oils.
- Some types of fish, such as herring, salmon, and sardines.
- Sunflower, pumpkin, or sesame seeds.
What is a good substitute for insulin?
In this Article
- Exenatide (Bydureon, Byetta)
- Liraglutide (Saxenda, Victoza)
- Pramlintide (Symlin)
- Dulaglutide (Trulicity)
- Semaglutide (Ozempic)
Can type 2 diabetes be managed without insulin?
For others, type 2 diabetes can be managed without insulin. Depending on your health history, your doctor might recommend that you manage type 2 diabetes through a combination of lifestyle changes, oral medications, or other treatments.