- 1 Which diabetes mellitus is non dependent insulin?
- 2 What is the difference between insulin dependent and non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus?
- 3 What is non insulin dependent diabetes caused by obesity?
- 4 How is insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diagnosed?
- 5 What is the difference between diabetes and diabetes mellitus?
- 6 What does mellitus mean in diabetes?
- 7 Which type of diabetes is insulin Dependant?
- 8 What are the complications of diabetes mellitus?
- 9 Which type of diabetes requires insulin injections?
- 10 What happens in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus?
- 11 What is the underlying pathophysiology of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus?
- 12 Can diabetes be cured completely?
- 13 What are the diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus?
- 14 What are the three methods used to diagnose diabetes mellitus?
- 15 What is the other name for diabetes mellitus?
Which diabetes mellitus is non dependent insulin?
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is also called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), since it can be treated with lifestyle changes and/or types of medication other than insulin therapy. Type 2 diabetes is significantly more common than type 1 diabetes.
What is the difference between insulin dependent and non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus?
This form of diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but can occur at any age. In type 2 diabetes (which used to be called adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes) the body produces insulin, but the cells don’t respond to insulin the way they should.
What is non insulin dependent diabetes caused by obesity?
Type 2 diabetes is primarily the result of two interrelated problems: Cells in muscle, fat and the liver become resistant to insulin. Because these cells don’t interact in a normal way with insulin, they don’t take in enough sugar. The pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to manage blood sugar levels.
How is insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diagnosed?
A blood sample will be taken after an overnight fast. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg /dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.
What is the difference between diabetes and diabetes mellitus?
The term diabetes is derived from Latin (originally Greek) and means “to go through or siphon,” referring to a large amount of urine produced by the kidneys. The term mellitus, in Latin, means “sweet.” Diabetes mellitus causes high blood glucose levels and glucose eventually spills into the urine.
What does mellitus mean in diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus (sometimes called “sugar diabetes” ) is a condition that occurs when the body can’t use glucose (a type of sugar) normally. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body’s cells.
Which type of diabetes is insulin Dependant?
Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.
What are the complications of diabetes mellitus?
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Nerve damage (neuropathy).
- Kidney damage (nephropathy).
- Eye damage (retinopathy).
- Foot damage.
- Skin conditions.
- Hearing impairment.
- Alzheimer’s disease.
Which type of diabetes requires insulin injections?
People who have type 1 diabetes must take insulin as part of their treatment. Because their bodies can’t make insulin anymore, they need to get the right amount to keep their blood sugar levels in a healthy range. The only way to get insulin into the body now is by injection with a needle or with an insulin pump.
What happens in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus?
Non-insulin-dependent (type II) diabetes mellitus is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia with resistance to ketosis. The onset is usually after age 40 years. Patients are variably symptomatic and frequently obese, hyperlipidemic and hypertensive.
What is the underlying pathophysiology of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus?
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) results from an imbalance between insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion. Both longitudinal and cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that the earliest detectable abnormality in NIDDM is an impairment in the body’s ability to respond to insulin.
Can diabetes be cured completely?
No cure for diabetes currently exists, but the disease can go into remission. When diabetes goes into remission, it means that the body does not show any signs of diabetes, although the disease is technically still present.
What are the diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus?
A fasting plasma glucose level >126 mg/dl (7.0 mmol/l) or a casual plasma glucose >200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l) meets the threshold for the diagnosis of diabetes. In the absence of unequivocal hyperglycemia, the diagnosis must be confirmed on a subsequent day.
What are the three methods used to diagnose diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes is diagnosed and managed by checking your glucose level in a blood test. There are three tests that can measure your blood glucose level: fasting glucose test, random glucose test and A1c test.
What is the other name for diabetes mellitus?
What Is Diabetes Mellitus? Diabetes mellitus, also called diabetes, is a term for several conditions involving how your body turns food into energy. When you eat a carbohydrate, your body turns it into a sugar called glucose and sends that to your bloodstream.