- 1 What techniques should a patient with diabetes use to administer insulin injections?
- 2 What is an important feature of the glycosylated hemoglobin A 1c HBA 1c test?
- 3 Which are appropriate therapies for patients with diabetes?
- 4 What must patients with diabetes carefully monitor?
- 5 When do you give a patient insulin?
- 6 Where should you not inject insulin?
- 7 What is a normal HbA1c?
- 8 What is the safest drug for type 2 diabetes?
- 9 Can diabetes be cured completely?
- 10 What is the main cause of diabetes?
- 11 How can I control my diabetes without medication?
- 12 What are some ways to manage diabetes?
- 13 Which finger is best for glucose testing?
What techniques should a patient with diabetes use to administer insulin injections?
The insulin needs to go into the fat layer under the skin.
- Pinch the skin and put the needle in at a 45º angle.
- If your skin tissues are thicker, you may be able to inject straight up and down (90º angle).
- Push the needle all the way into the skin.
- Leave the syringe in place for 5 seconds after injecting.
What is an important feature of the glycosylated hemoglobin A 1c HBA 1c test?
Hemoglobin is the part of your red blood cells that carries oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. An HbA1c test shows what the average amount of glucose attached to hemoglobin has been over the past three months. It’s a three-month average because that’s typically how long a red blood cell lives.
Which are appropriate therapies for patients with diabetes?
Insulin remains the mainstay of treatment for patients with type 1 diabetes. Insulin is also an important therapy for type 2 diabetes when blood glucose levels cannot be controlled by diet, weight loss, exercise, and oral medications.
What must patients with diabetes carefully monitor?
For many people with diabetes, checking their blood glucose level each day is an important way to manage their diabetes. Monitoring your blood glucose level is most important if you take insulin. The results of blood glucose monitoring can help you make decisions about food, physical activity, and medicines.
When do you give a patient insulin?
Research shows that the best time to take a mealtime insulin is 15 to 20 minutes before you eat a meal. You can also take it after your meal, but this may put you at a higher risk of a hypoglycemic episode. Don’t panic if you forget to take your insulin before your meal.
Where should you not inject insulin?
DON’T: Inject insulin just anywhere. Insulin should be injected into the fat just underneath the skin rather than into muscle, which can lead to quicker insulin action and greater risk of low blood sugar. The stomach, thighs, buttocks, and upper arms are common injection sites because of their higher fat content.
What is a normal HbA1c?
HbA1c is your average blood glucose (sugar) levels for the last two to three months. If you have diabetes, an ideal HbA1c level is 48mmol/mol (6.5%) or below. If you’re at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, your target HbA1c level should be below 42mmol/mol (6%).
What is the safest drug for type 2 diabetes?
Metformin is still the safest and most effective type 2 diabetes medication, said Bolen.
Can diabetes be cured completely?
No cure for diabetes currently exists, but the disease can go into remission. When diabetes goes into remission, it means that the body does not show any signs of diabetes, although the disease is technically still present.
What is the main cause of diabetes?
What causes type 1 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Scientists think type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that might trigger the disease.
How can I control my diabetes without medication?
Manage Diabetes without Medication
- Eat a healthy diet. Choose to eat more whole fruits and vegetables, more whole grains and lean proteins.
- Lose weight.
- Make a commitment to exercising regularly by finding a partner.
- Test your blood sugar.
- Get enough quality sleep.
- Getting regular checkups.
What are some ways to manage diabetes?
What to do:
- Talk to your doctor about an exercise plan. Ask your doctor about what type of exercise is appropriate for you.
- Keep an exercise schedule.
- Know your numbers.
- Check your blood sugar level.
- Stay hydrated.
- Be prepared.
- Adjust your diabetes treatment plan as needed.
Which finger is best for glucose testing?
Recommended finger: the World Health Organisation recommends the middle or ring fingers are used for blood glucose tests (second and third fingers).