How Does The Development Of Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes Relate To How The Body Produces Insulin?

How does Type 1 diabetes affect the body functions?

Over time, type 1 diabetes complications can affect major organs in your body, including heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Maintaining a normal blood sugar level can dramatically reduce the risk of many complications. Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening.

How does type 2 diabetes affect the body systems?

Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.

What is the relationship between glucose and insulin in the body?

Insulin helps keep the glucose in your blood within a normal range. It does this by taking glucose out of your bloodstream and moving it into cells throughout your body. The cells then use the glucose for energy and store the excess in your liver, muscles, and fat tissue.

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How does type 2 diabetes develop insulin resistance?

What is insulin resistance? Share on Pinterest Insulin resistance might develop into type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance occurs when excess glucose in the blood reduces the ability of the cells to absorb and use blood sugar for energy. This increases the risk of developing prediabetes, and eventually, type 2 diabetes.

What viruses can trigger type 1 diabetes?

A significant number of viruses have been associated with type 1 diabetes, including enteroviruses such as Coxsackievirus B (CVB) (4), but also rotavirus (5,6), mumps virus (7), and cytomegalovirus (8).

What body system is affected by type 1 diabetes?

In most people with type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system, which normally fights infection, attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. As a result, your pancreas stops making insulin. Without insulin, glucose can’t get into your cells and your blood glucose rises above normal.

How long can you live with type 2 diabetes?

A 55-year-old male with type 2 diabetes could expect to live for another 13.2–21.1 years, while the general expectancy would be another 24.7 years. A 75-year-old male with the disease might expect to live for another 4.3–9.6 years, compared with the general expectancy of another 10 years.

How do you feel when your blood sugar is too high?

If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience:

  1. Increased thirst.
  2. Frequent urination.
  3. Fatigue.
  4. Nausea and vomiting.
  5. Shortness of breath.
  6. Stomach pain.
  7. Fruity breath odor.
  8. A very dry mouth.

What are the long term effects of type 2 diabetes?

Diabetes – long-term effects

  • The long-term effects of diabetes include damage to large and small blood vessels, which can lead to heart attack and stroke, and problems with the kidneys, eyes, feet and nerves.
  • The good news is that the risk of long-term effects of diabetes can be reduced.
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What is the difference between glucose and insulin?

Glucose comes from the Greek word for “sweet.” It’s a type of sugar you get from foods you eat, and your body uses it for energy. As it travels through your bloodstream to your cells, it’s called blood glucose or blood sugar. Insulin is a hormone that moves glucose from your blood into the cells for energy and storage.

How does insulin affect the body?

Insulin allows the cells in the muscles, fat and liver to absorb glucose that is in the blood. The glucose serves as energy to these cells, or it can be converted into fat when needed. Insulin also affects other metabolic processes, such as the breakdown of fat or protein.

Why is it important to maintain blood glucose levels?

It’s important to keep your blood sugar levels in your target range as much as possible to help prevent or delay long-term, serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease. Staying in your target range can also help improve your energy and mood.

How do I know Im insulin resistant?

Some signs of insulin resistance include:

  1. A waistline over 40 inches in men and 35 inches in women.
  2. Blood pressure readings of 130/80 or higher.
  3. A fasting glucose level over 100 mg/dL.
  4. A fasting triglyceride level over 150 mg/dL.
  5. A HDL cholesterol level under 40 mg/dL in men and 50 mg/dL in women.
  6. Skin tags.

What is the best medication for insulin resistance?

Metformin is usually the first choice of most healthcare providers, assuming that the woman is a candidate for taking the medication. It works by increasing the cell’s sensitivity to insulin and also suppresses the production of glucose by the liver.

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What exercise is best for insulin resistance?

Any type of physical activity has the potential to make your insulin work better, and combining aerobic activities — such as brisk walking, swimming, and cycling — with resistance training, or weight training, appears to have the greatest effect.

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