- 1 What is the result of insulin deficiency?
- 2 What are the criteria for the diagnosis of IFG or IGT?
- 3 What are the 6 symptoms of diabetes mellitus?
- 4 What are the deficiency disorders for insulin?
- 5 What is the difference between insulin resistance and insulin deficiency?
- 6 Can diabetes be cured completely?
- 7 What is IGT test?
- 8 What are the complications of diabetes mellitus?
- 9 What organs are affected by diabetes mellitus?
- 10 What is the difference between diabetes and diabetes mellitus?
- 11 What are the common signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus?
- 12 What is the best medication for insulin resistance?
- 13 What are signs of uncontrolled diabetes?
- 14 Can you have high insulin and not be diabetic?
What is the result of insulin deficiency?
Dysfunction. Insulin deficiency results in hyperglycaemia. The effects of hyperglycaemia are salt and water depletion due to an osmotic diuresis, weight loss, tiredness, vomiting, hypotension, infections, hyperventilation (due to ketoacidosis) and impaired conscious level and coma.
What are the criteria for the diagnosis of IFG or IGT?
IFG is now defined by an elevated fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentration (≥100 and <126 mg/dl) (29). IGT is defined by an elevated 2-h plasma glucose concentration (≥140 and <200 mg/dl) after a 75-g glucose load on the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in the presence of an FPG concentration <126 mg/dl (29,30).
What are the 6 symptoms of diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes Mellitus Signs and Symptoms
- Frequent urination.
- Excessive thirst.
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Extreme hunger.
- Sudden vision changes.
- Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
- Feeling very tired much of the time.
- Very dry skin.
What are the deficiency disorders for insulin?
This is primarily the cause of type 1 diabetes. It occurs when insulin-producing cells are damaged or destroyed and stop producing insulin. Insulin is needed to move blood sugar into cells throughout the body. The resulting insulin deficiency leaves too much sugar in the blood and not enough in the cells for energy.
What is the difference between insulin resistance and insulin deficiency?
If you have insulin resistance, you have low insulin sensitivity. Conversely, if you are sensitive to insulin, you have low insulin resistance. While insulin resistance is harmful to your health, insulin sensitivity is beneficial. Insulin resistance occurs when your cells stop responding to the hormone insulin.
Can diabetes be cured completely?
No cure for diabetes currently exists, but the disease can go into remission. When diabetes goes into remission, it means that the body does not show any signs of diabetes, although the disease is technically still present.
What is IGT test?
People who have impaired glucose tolerance often exhibit zero symptoms. Often, IGT is diagnosed when doctors conduct blood tests for another reason. IGT is diagnosed using a glucose tolerance test (GTT). This test deciphers how your body is processing glucose.
What are the complications of diabetes mellitus?
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Nerve damage (neuropathy).
- Kidney damage (nephropathy).
- Eye damage (retinopathy).
- Foot damage.
- Skin conditions.
- Hearing impairment.
- Alzheimer’s disease.
What organs are affected by diabetes mellitus?
Type 2 diabetes affects many major organs, including your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Also, factors that increase the risk of diabetes are risk factors for other serious chronic diseases.
What is the difference between diabetes and diabetes mellitus?
The term diabetes is derived from Latin (originally Greek) and means “to go through or siphon,” referring to a large amount of urine produced by the kidneys. The term mellitus, in Latin, means “sweet.” Diabetes mellitus causes high blood glucose levels and glucose eventually spills into the urine.
What are the common signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus?
- Urinate (pee) a lot, often at night.
- Are very thirsty.
- Lose weight without trying.
- Are very hungry.
- Have blurry vision.
- Have numb or tingling hands or feet.
- Feel very tired.
- Have very dry skin.
What is the best medication for insulin resistance?
Metformin is usually the first choice of most healthcare providers, assuming that the woman is a candidate for taking the medication. It works by increasing the cell’s sensitivity to insulin and also suppresses the production of glucose by the liver.
What are signs of uncontrolled diabetes?
Ten signs of uncontrolled diabetes
- High blood glucose.
- Weight loss.
- Fruity breath.
- Kidney problems.
Can you have high insulin and not be diabetic?
Nondiabetic hyperglycemia means your blood glucose (sugar) level is high even though you do not have diabetes. Hyperglycemia may happen suddenly during a major illness or injury. Instead, hyperglycemia may happen over a longer period of time and be caused by a chronic disease.