# FAQ: What Are The List Of Diabetes Terms And Their Meanings For Calculating Insulin Doses?

## What are the different doses of insulin?

Subcutaneous regular human insulin: 0.1 unit/kg subcutaneously every 1 to 2 hours; when blood glucose is less than 250 mg/dL (14 mmol/L), give glucose-containing fluids orally and reduce insulin to 0.05 unit/kg subcutaneously as needed to keep blood glucose around 200 mg/dL (11 mmol/L) until resolution of DKA.

## How do you calculate insulin units?

2. Divide the total grams of carb by your insulin-to-carb ratio. Example Let’s say you plan to eat 45 grams of carbohydrate and your insulin-to-carb ratio is 1 unit of insulin for every 15 grams of carbohydrate eaten. To figure out how much insulin to give, divide 45 by 15.

## How is insulin sliding scale calculated?

To calculate the dose, the person should divide the number of grams of carb in the meal by the grams of carbs that one unit of insulin breaks down.

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## How do you calculate NPH and regular insulin?

Custom- mixed NPH and Regular Insulin Failed above pre-mix 70/30 regimen Calculate 0.5 units/kg/day body weight (total daily dose) AM dose = 2/3 of total daily dose given as custom-mix: 2/3 NPH and 1/3 Regular before breakfast 150-250 Increase AM NPH dose by 2 units. Greater than 250 Increase AM NPH dose by 4 units.

## How much does 1 unit of insulin bring down blood sugar?

One unit of insulin should cause your blood sugar level to drop 30 to 50 mg per dL, but you may need more insulin to get the same effect.

## What is a normal insulin level?

University of Washington researcher Stephen Guyenet writes that “The average insulin level in the US is 8.8 mIU/ml for men and 8.4 for women.

## How much is a unit of insulin equal to?

With the advanced technology nowadays, we now know one unit of insulin is equivalent to 0.0347mg of pure crystalline of insulin.

## What is the 500 rule in diabetes?

Use the 500 Rule to estimate insulin-to-carb ratio: 500/TDD = number of carb grams covered by a unit of insulin. Example: 500/50=10; 1unit of insulin will cover about 10 grams of carbohydrate.

## How do I calculate my daily insulin requirement?

Calculating Insulin Dosing: A general rule of thumb

1. General rule of thumb = total daily dose (TDD) of insulin = Weight in pounds / 4.
2. If the patient requires both basal and prandial insulin, then of the TDD, 50% should be basal (given overnight) and 50% given for carbohydrate (CHO) coverage with meals (bolus insulin)
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## What is a typical sliding scale for insulin?

70-139 mg/dL – 0 units 140-180 mg/dL – 3 units subcut 181-240 mg/dL – 4 units subcut 241-300 mg/dL – 6 units subcut 301-350 mg/dL – 8 units subcut 351-400 mg/dL – 10 units subcut If blood glucose is greater than 400 mg/dL, administer 12 units subcut, notify provider, and repeat POC blood sugar check in 1 hour.

## What is an insulin sliding scale example?

In this method, you take a certain amount of insulin for a certain amount of carbohydrates. For example, if your breakfast carb to insulin ratio is 10:1 and you eat 30 grams of carbohydrates, you would take 3 units before breakfast to cover your meal.

## What is the sliding scale for insulin?

The term “sliding scale” refers to the progressive increase in pre-meal or nighttime insulin doses. The term “sliding scale” refers to the progressive increase in the pre-meal or nighttime insulin dose, based on pre-defined blood glucose ranges. Sliding scale insulin regimens approximate daily insulin requirements.

## What is the difference between regular insulin and NPH?

Insulins are categorized based on the onset, peak, and duration of effect (eg, rapid-, short-, intermediate-, and long-acting insulin). Insulin NPH (an isophane suspension of human insulin) and insulin regular is an intermediate-acting combination insulin product with a more rapid onset than that of insulin NPH alone.

## Do you draw up NPH or regular insulin first?

When mixing insulin NPH with other preparations of insulin (eg, insulin aspart, insulin glulisine, insulin lispro, insulin regular), insulin NPH should be drawn into the syringe after the other insulin preparations. After mixing NPH with regular insulin, the formulation should be used immediately.

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## Why do you draw regular insulin before NPH?

Always, draw “clear before cloudy” insulin into the syringe. This is to prevent cloudy insulin from entering the clear insulin bottle. Always do this procedure in the correct order, as shown in the following sequence. Roll the bottle of the cloudy insulin between your hands to mix it.